The world´s biggest river
The Amazon River is the largest river in the world. It carries more water to the sea than any other river. The river starts on the glacier covered mountain of Mismi in the Chila Range near Arequipa. It flows through ageless population centers such as Cusco, Apurímac, Ucayali, and Loreto, among others. Finally it flows into the Atlantic Ocean.
The watershed of the Amazon basin is the largest watershed on the planet, and the Amazon jungle is one of the major oxygen producing lungs of the world. 170,000 cubic meters of fresh water empty from the Amazon into the ocean every second. 2000 species of fish live in the river system. Also, it is the principle means of communication and of transportation for those millions of people who live in the Amazon basin and navigate its waters.
The discovery of the Amazon
The Amazon River was discovered between Feb. 4 and August 26, 1541. The leader of the expedition that discovered the Amazon was Francisco de Orellana. The explorers were looking for El Dorado, the Lost City of the Incas. So their discovery was not intentional, but the result of their long travels.
The Amazon River is one of the new natural wonders of the world
The Amazon River is a tourist destination of unequalled beauty. Many visitors prefer to explore the Amazon in comfort. As they enjoy the abundant waters, they marvel at the amazing biodiversity of the Peruvian Amazon. Whether they travel in luxurious ships or in simpler boats, the Amazon is a favorite place for those who seek to connect with Mother Nature.
But the Amazon is not only a river. The surprising Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, which is located in Loreto region, is sure to amaze you. Above all, there are still tribes that live in the reserve in a traditional manner and wear their ancestral clothes. Then there is the incredible variety of flora and fauna which can only be found in the Amazon.
The main departure point for those who want to journey deep into the Amazon is the city of Iquitos. From there you can go out and visit the reserves and the tourist lodges, and enjoy hikes through the jungle both in the daytime and during the night. There are long bridges hanging in the jungle´s canopy. There are towers that you can climb up and look out over the jungle. And there are floating platforms in the river. Perhaps the most exciting activity is visiting the Bora, the Yahua, and the Witoto native communities.
In truth, the Amazon River is a place that you definitely ought to visit on your next trip to Peru.